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The Rights Of Nature

When I'm out on the road in the Subaru my radio is usually tuned to CBC 88.1. Last week I listened with interest to a discussion about a new book entitled "The Rights of Nature" by UBC environmental lawyer and professor David Boyd. David's book explores the growing movement to use rights for non-human entities (animals, rivers and natural places) to protect the environment. Existing environmental law doesn't seem to be doing a very good job at protecting the planet from unbridled human population growth and exploitation. Giving Mother Earth the status of a Legal Person is certainly a transforming perspective but perhaps this is exactly what we need to do in the face of our present 6th mass extinction of species on earth. Here is the link to the CBC interview:     http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/giving-legal-rights-to-nature-animals-would-help-protect-the-environment-says-ubc-legal-expert-1.4289285

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Getting It Right

The "correct" exposure is sometimes considered an objective matter.  I used to have this idea in my head that the optimal exposure would be a matter of simply ensuring that I had not overexposed or underexposed anything, thus the histogram would look like a bell curve with the zenith of the curve centered at middle grey (14% grey). I'm one of those guys who always tried to play by the rules, color within the lines.  So it was hard for me to be radical and allow myself the artistic license to create photos that contravened the "one right exposure" notion. Below is a photo I recently took during the 2017 elk rut. I realized that the feeling I wanted to capture was in the motion and power of the bull elk. The landscape provided a strong dramatic diagonal in the composition. By underexposing the elk and foreground and rendering these elements as a silhouette I believe creates a far stronger image than increasing the exposure and rendering detail in those areas while allowing the sky to be blown out (overexposed). Blending the exposure in a HDR manner was another option, but I believe the over all effect would be "blah" and lack the intimacy I believe I was able to capture in the low key capture displayed here: 

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Another photo (below) taken earlier the same day I believe also demonstrates this idea of exposure for emotion, intimacy and "effect". Truth be told, I have found that I may prefer low key photos, those moody sort of images with deep shadows and rich jewel-like colours either in the cool or warm end of the spectrum. At this time of year sunrise is pushed back later into the morning and I had the opportunity to catch the light as it rose over the hill and just kissed the head and antlers of this Mule Deer in strong side lighting. I again went for a low key approach to reveal the beauty in the deer and his environment. Additionally, I decided to apply a slight vignette to the image to bring attention and add drama to the majestic buck. 

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So, don't be a slave to the "auto" mode of your fancy digital camera's meter, blow out some highlights, underexpose some stuff....I guarantee you won't hurt anything and you may find it liberating to be the master of your exposures. Your photos might get a few more oohs and ahhs as well. 

Mouthful

We have been experiencing some rather hot weather recently and this has kept wildlife activity to a minimum. I decided to head out a little earlier than usual this morning hoping that I might increase my odds of spotting some animals before the sun started to heat things up. My bet payed off when a fox came trotting towards me on the trail I was on. She was very focused and didn't seem to even notice me until she was right in front of me, when she came to an abrupt stop to see what I was all about. The fox had an impressive number of voles (Red-backed voles likely) in her mouth, I counted seven in the photo. I'm sure her kits will be very happy when she returns to the den. From my observations of coyotes catching ground squirrels, the technique used is to catch the prey then set them in a pile to be more readily collected at the end of the hunt.  The prey can then be stuffed into the mouth and carried off to safety. 

A little later on my hike I encountered a Golden-mantle Ground Squirrel perched on a boulder. This little fella had a mouthful as well, but had the advantage of being able to pack the food items into his cheek pouches. This got me wondering why fox and other carnivores never evolved to have pockets of some sort to carry stuff. Marsupials have a pouch to carry their developing young but not what I was thinking of. Anyway, I thought it was interesting how the two species I just happened to see this morning had different solutions to the same problem. Here is the cheeky Ground Squirrel.

"Rumblin"

I have had Neil Young's 2010 album Le Noise in my vehicle since its release and I must have listened to it a thousand times. I love all the cuts on the album, but one of the songs in particular "struck a chord" with me, that song is "Rumblin". Here are some of the lyrics:

I can feel the weather changing
I can see it all around, all around
Can't you feel that new wind blowing?
Don't you recognize that sound that sound, that sound?
And the earth is slowly spinning, spinning slowly, slowly changing
I feel something in the air

So what has "Rumblin" got to do with my photography? Well, I feel something in the air too. The rapid and serious decline in songbirds in North America has been well documented. Every year the diversity of species and numbers of birds I see at the places I return to is obviously reduced. However, I sense that there are other sweeping changes in the prevalence and movements of many other species here in the foothills of Alberta. For example, I saw only a couple of Great Grey Owls this winter, Grizzly bears sightings have been quite uncommon this spring, skunks are showing up where they haven't been seen before, no winter finches were identified in our Christmas bird count, Woodland Caribou sightings are way down. These are anecdotal of course but they are still valid observations in my opinion. I drove the bumper to bumper traffic on Hwy 16 west through Jasper National Park and into Mount Robson Provincial Park this long weekend and was shocked at the damage done to the coniferous forest by Mountain Pine Beetle, the once verdant green forest has turned to red. The spread of the beetle is believed to be largely due to milder winter conditions in the western areas of the Canadian boreal forest. 

If you want to photograph wildlife you have to be an optimist and you have to be determined, it is a prerequisite.  I accept that there are good and bad years, there are winners and there are losers. I was very happy to hear on the news yesterday that Beaverhill Lake east of Edmonton which had been completely dried up has water again due to recent heavy rainfall in the region, and the waterfowl, gulls and other birds are back too. What a good news story.!  I'm thankful for the hard working, diligent biologists and techs that study and monitor the environment. I hope the politicians and decision makers use their data to help manage the changes that are occurring. I have to find a way to do my part too....we all must. 

Here's a photo I have entitled "Rumblin"

 

 

Time To Go

Grizzly bears are interesting and complex animals. The maternal instincts of the mother grizzly are legendary, she is both attentive and protective of her young - to the death if necessary. It is touching to observe the sow grizzly nurse her young, guide their first wobbly steps and lead them to food and protection in their first days away from the den. Mortality can be high in the first couple of years; lack of food and predation from aggressive male grizzlies is particularly dangerous to the cubs. If the cubs survive however, the mother grizzly must ultimately force her cubs to become independent. Hopefully they have learned the lessons of survival mom has shared so they can move into the second stage of their lifecycle at around three years of age. Recently I had the privilege of observing and photographing a couple of young bears just beginning the difficult process of independence. I was glad that the two cubs at least had each other, they stayed very close together I noticed. Yes, their was some squabbling over a freshly captured ground squirrel and you could tell that one of the cubs was a bit more assertive than its sibling but I have to think that their odds are a little better having some companionship . Here's a photo of the pair heading up a hillside towards forest cover for the night (fingers crossed for these amazing creatures!)