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Cat of God

I recently managed to photograph my holy grail, the cougar (Puma concolor). The cougar goes by many different names in the various habitats it is found in from Yukon to Patagonia. Interesting that the Chicksaw name for this animal "Ko-Icto" means "Cat of God". Cat of God indeed, second largest cat in the Americas after the jaguar.  I saw my first cougar in April of 2016 while returning from Grande Cache north of Hinton, Alberta. The cougar leaped out of the ditch on one side of the road and within a few seconds pounced into the bush on the other side of the road.  I didn't have enough time to even reach my camera that day, but at least I had seen one and could personally confirm the existence of these amazing creatures - in my proverbial back yard.

A year later while out driving in a March snowstorm I spotted a large adult male cougar resting about 30 yards from the road. I was able to get some photos of him hunkered down in the snow and some with him perched on a rocky outcrop. This encounter will certainly be a hard act to follow! 

 I believe the cougar has buried his kill under the bank of snow visible in front of him, either an elk or a Bighorn Sheep. 

I believe the cougar has buried his kill under the bank of snow visible in front of him, either an elk or a Bighorn Sheep. 

 This cougar has some damage to his ears as can be seen in this photo. 

This cougar has some damage to his ears as can be seen in this photo. 

 Mountain Lion in a "mountainous" environment. 

Mountain Lion in a "mountainous" environment. 

Eagle and the Wolf

On a trip to Jasper National Park this fall I had a strange "hunch" that a particular place along the Athabasca River was calling me to be explored. I debated what equipment to pack, hmmm, 600 or 200-400, or go ultra light 70-200 no tripod. As I pondered this most basic decision I spotted an eagle in a tree, ok decision made, 600 mm super telephoto. Rather than going straight to get a photo of the eagle I thought it would be a good idea to look a bit further. Quite often scavengers, ravens, coyotes and eagles around here, indicate the presence of a kill of some sort that is the big attraction. So, walked a little further and spotted a wolf moving at a good pace along the dry river bed. The wolf was focused on something in a pile of sweepers on the shore of the river. A flock of ravens had gathered by this time as well. The wolf had a radio tracking collar fitted on the neck as can be seen in the photo below. Soon a couple of coyotes came flying out of the brush pile with the wolf in hot pursuit. I guess young coyotes can be on the menu of a wolf if need be. My hunch about this area along the Athabasca had payed off. I don't know what prompted me to stop and check out this area, wildlife photographers's intuition I guess? Below are some photos of the eagle, the wolf and the wolf chasing one of the coyotes. I didn't get in close to see what the source of the carrion was, but I did confirm that there was in fact a dead animal present at the centre of all the action. 

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The Rights Of Nature

When I'm out on the road in the Subaru my radio is usually tuned to CBC 88.1. Last week I listened with interest to a discussion about a new book entitled "The Rights of Nature" by UBC environmental lawyer and professor David Boyd. David's book explores the growing movement to use rights for non-human entities (animals, rivers and natural places) to protect the environment. Existing environmental law doesn't seem to be doing a very good job at protecting the planet from unbridled human population growth and exploitation. Giving Mother Earth the status of a Legal Person is certainly a transforming perspective but perhaps this is exactly what we need to do in the face of our present 6th mass extinction of species on earth. Here is the link to the CBC interview:     http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/giving-legal-rights-to-nature-animals-would-help-protect-the-environment-says-ubc-legal-expert-1.4289285

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Getting It Right

The "correct" exposure is sometimes considered an objective matter.  I used to have this idea in my head that the optimal exposure would be a matter of simply ensuring that I had not overexposed or underexposed anything, thus the histogram would look like a bell curve with the zenith of the curve centered at middle grey (14% grey). I'm one of those guys who always tried to play by the rules, color within the lines.  So it was hard for me to be radical and allow myself the artistic license to create photos that contravened the "one right exposure" notion. Below is a photo I recently took during the 2017 elk rut. I realized that the feeling I wanted to capture was in the motion and power of the bull elk. The landscape provided a strong dramatic diagonal in the composition. By underexposing the elk and foreground and rendering these elements as a silhouette I believe creates a far stronger image than increasing the exposure and rendering detail in those areas while allowing the sky to be blown out (overexposed). Blending the exposure in a HDR manner was another option, but I believe the over all effect would be "blah" and lack the intimacy I believe I was able to capture in the low key capture displayed here: 

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Another photo (below) taken earlier the same day I believe also demonstrates this idea of exposure for emotion, intimacy and "effect". Truth be told, I have found that I may prefer low key photos, those moody sort of images with deep shadows and rich jewel-like colours either in the cool or warm end of the spectrum. At this time of year sunrise is pushed back later into the morning and I had the opportunity to catch the light as it rose over the hill and just kissed the head and antlers of this Mule Deer in strong side lighting. I again went for a low key approach to reveal the beauty in the deer and his environment. Additionally, I decided to apply a slight vignette to the image to bring attention and add drama to the majestic buck. 

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So, don't be a slave to the "auto" mode of your fancy digital camera's meter, blow out some highlights, underexpose some stuff....I guarantee you won't hurt anything and you may find it liberating to be the master of your exposures. Your photos might get a few more oohs and ahhs as well. 

Mouthful

We have been experiencing some rather hot weather recently and this has kept wildlife activity to a minimum. I decided to head out a little earlier than usual this morning hoping that I might increase my odds of spotting some animals before the sun started to heat things up. My bet payed off when a fox came trotting towards me on the trail I was on. She was very focused and didn't seem to even notice me until she was right in front of me, when she came to an abrupt stop to see what I was all about. The fox had an impressive number of voles (Red-backed voles likely) in her mouth, I counted seven in the photo. I'm sure her kits will be very happy when she returns to the den. From my observations of coyotes catching ground squirrels, the technique used is to catch the prey then set them in a pile to be more readily collected at the end of the hunt.  The prey can then be stuffed into the mouth and carried off to safety. 

A little later on my hike I encountered a Golden-mantle Ground Squirrel perched on a boulder. This little fella had a mouthful as well, but had the advantage of being able to pack the food items into his cheek pouches. This got me wondering why fox and other carnivores never evolved to have pockets of some sort to carry stuff. Marsupials have a pouch to carry their developing young but not what I was thinking of. Anyway, I thought it was interesting how the two species I just happened to see this morning had different solutions to the same problem. Here is the cheeky Ground Squirrel.